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One of the members of the ICC that became the sixth country to achieve Test status in 1932, India has gone on to become one of the most successful teams in the world, especially in limited overs cricket.

Cricket was first introduced in India in the early 1700s with the first match believed to have been played in 1721. In 1848, the Parsi community of Bombay formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club established by Indians. In the early 1900s, a few Indians went on to play for England, including the legendary duo of Ranjitsinhji and K.S. Duleepsinhji. The Ranji Trophy and the Duleep Trophy – the two major first-class tournaments in India - are named after them.

India was invited to the Imperial Cricket Council (later renamed as the International Cricket Council) in 1926 and played its first Test match against England in 1932. Led by the great C.K. Nayudu, India went on to lose that match. The next year, India played its first Test series, a 3-match home series against England which India lost 2-0. India had to wait twenty years for their first Test victory, beating England in 1952 in their 24th Test match. Later the same year, India recorded their first series victory, against Pakistan.

After a decade of struggle, India recorded their first series win against England at home in 1961-62. 5 years later, India also won their first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.

In the 1970s, India’s famed spin quartet of Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan came to the fore. Around the same time, India produced two of its greatest batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath. These players helped register back-to-back series wins in the West Indies and England under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar.

In the 1980s, India became more attack minded with the emergence of players like Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. They won the ODI World Cup in 1983, beating two-time defending champions West Indies in the final. They followed that up with victory in the inaugural Asia Cup the following year and also won the World Championship of Cricket in 1985. Towards the end of the decade came the debuts of India’s greatest batsman Sachin Tendulkar in 1989 and a year later, India’s finest bowler, Anil Kumble.

Despite having batsmen like the talented Rahul Dravid and VVS Laxman within their ranks, the 1990s was a period of underachievement for India with the team unable to find an able captain to lead the charge. In 2000, Azharuddin and Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal during what is referred to as ‘Indian Cricket’s darkest hour’. It then fell upon the newly-appointed captain Sourav Ganguly to steady the ship. A Test series win against Australia in 2001 marked a brilliant run which followed wins in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. In 2002, India won the memorable Natwest final, chasing an improbable 325 runs against England. The same year, India finished joint winners in the ICC Champions Trophy and the following year, came agonizingly close to winning their second ODI World Cup, losing to Australia in the final.

Midway through the decade came the debut of MS Dhoni who would go on to become the most successful captain in India’s history. It all started with victory in the inaugural World T20 in 2007. In 2009, India registered its first Test series win in New Zealand and followed that up with a series win over Sri Lanka which helped India become the No. 1 Test team in the world for the very first time. In 2011, India won the ODI World Cup again, becoming the first team to do so on home soil. Two years later, India won the Champions Trophy again.

In 2015-16, Virat Kohli took over as captain in all three formats and is now heralding a new era of dominance for Indian cricket. His most notable achievements so far have been beating England in all three formats in a home series and reclaiming the Border-Gavaskar trophy after a Test series win against Australia. All eyes are now on whether he will guide India to victory in the 2019 ODI World Cup.

International Honours

ICC ODI World Cup Winners: 1983, 2011

World Championship of Cricket Winners: 1985

ICC World T20 Winners: 2007

Champions Trophy Winners: 2002 (joint), 2013

Asia Cup Winners: 1984, 1988, 1990-91, 1995, 2010, 2016

Overall stats

 SpanMatchesWonLostTiedDraw/No ResultWon%Loss%Draw%
Tests1932-2018522145160121627.8730.7441.37
ODIs1974-201894248441174054.0445.95--
T20Is2006-201810465361264.2135.78--

Current ICC Rankings

 
Tests1st
ODIs2nd
T20Is2nd

Most Runs for India

 BatsmanRunsAverage
TestsSachin Tendulkar1592153.78
ODIsSachin Tendulkar1842644.83
T20IsVirat Kohli210248.88

Most Wickets for India

 BowlerWicketsAverage
TestsAnil Kumble61929.65
ODIsAnil Kumble33430.83
T20IsR. Ashwin5222.94

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